“Instructional Technology is the theory and practice of design, development, utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and resources for learning.” (Seels & Ritchey, 1994)
Instructional design has 3 main steps to enhance the instruction:
To design a course regarding the principles of learning and instruction enhances student motivation, increases participation, improves student performance for different learners (learning styles).
Using models can help you to organize the content by having a planned structure to make a meaningful connection between the content, activities and learning outcomes. Here are some commonly used instructional design models
Note: Since instructional design is a continuous cycle, all the elements can be performed simultaneously and you can start the development anywhere.
While designing and developing an instructional material, it is recommended to consider multimedia design principles which Richard E. Mayer discussed in 2001 in the book ‘Multimedia Learning’: